We usually see a set of words, numbers, and symbols that are at the top of our browser. And it changes as we go through distinct webpages. For instance, https://www.moomi.com/website/ or https://www.coo.com/3#2/Result=MA-0. You may read it and say to yourself that I know that WWW stands for World Wide Web. But I don’t understand the rest. Then, you start to think about what it is and why it should be so complicated to fully understand this phenomenon. Well, It’s not that complicated. Just let us describe it in an easy and fundamental way.
What is a URL?
URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which is a special tag/mechanism used to track down everything in the World Wide Web (internet). Browsers retrieve any published resource on the web using this mechanism. URL mostly contains three parts that are protocol/scheme, Domain Name, and then Path. Let’s see what each of these are:
The scheme – is the first part of an URL and It identifies the protocol to be used to access the resource on the Internet. It can be HTTPS(with SSL) or HTTP(without SSL).
HTTP– is a protocol that allows the servers to get the resources, such as HTML documents. As opposed to a stream of data, Clients and servers communicate by exchanging individual messages. Web browsers send these messages as a request, and the servers answer them in the form of responses.
HTTPS – or Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is a combination of Hypertext Transfer Protocol(HTTP) with the Transport Layer Security(TLS) protocol/ Secure Socket Layer( SSL).
Domain Name – is the section that contains your Domain name. A domain name is the registered identification word or phrase used by the Domain Name System to define a website location. It’s basically the name that you picked for your website. Here are some examples of Domain Name:
Why we use Domain Name?
We use Domain Name to identify Internet resources, such as networks, computers, and services. Domain names are text-based label because that is easier to memorize than the numerical addresses used in the Internet protocols. A domain name may represent a company or individual interests. Individual Internet host computers use domain names as host identifiers, also called Hostname.
Path – Is a sequence of path segments separated by a slash /. It refers to the exact location of a file, page, and post. The path also consists of file extension, such as documents(.pdf or .docx), images(png, jpg, or etc.) and more..